Filakit, Ethiopia

“All of the people in this room are smiling”

Summary

In the Spring of 2016, prominent members of the Ethiopian community in the Twin Cities area approached EWB-USA UMN with the opportunity for a potential collaboration with a rural community in Ethiopia. At the time this agricultural community, Filakit Geragera, Ethiopia, requested insight into the improvement of current irrigation water supplies, agricultural practices, and the creation of new water sources altogether.

In May 2017, a team of University of Minnesota students and professional mentors traveled to the community to assess and discuss their needs. The assessment yielded personal insight into community desires and requests for an improved, efficient drip irrigation system, efficient water catchment system, and solar-powered injera cooker.

During the 2017-2018 school year, the Ethiopia Project Team designed an innovative multi-stage drip irrigation system, an open-spring water catchment device, and a solar injera cooker prototype. All systems were designed with materials available in Ethiopia, ensuring the accessibility and maintainability of the systems. In May 2018, another team departed to Filakit Geragera to work with the community to develop these systems. The trip yielded the completion of a drip irrigation tower in a field previously unused during the dry season, the burial of supply piping to the drip irrigation tower towards the source, the installation of the Muzit Spring Catchment System (MSCS) to improve the efficiency of current hand-dug dirt canals, and an installed prototype of a solar injera cooker.

During the 2018-2019 school year, the Ethiopia Project team continued developing designs for the pump and pipeline portion of the multi-stage drip irrigation system and a second iteration of a solar injera cooker prototype. In May 2019, a team of six students and three rotating mentors implemented the majority of the piping from the water source to the drip irrigation reservoir, repaired the reservoir for the planned system, and installed a second prototype of a solar injera cooker.

During the 2019-20 and 2020-21 school years EWB students have worked remotely on the continued implementation in Filakit Geragera. We have worked on finalizing the designs, materials supplier, and installer for the drip irrigation system, continued to develop prototypes for a solar injera cooker, and designed a pipe bridge to increase accessibility to water for irrigated fields in the outlying community. Due to Covid-19, students weren’t able to travel either of these years to gather more assessment data or implement their designs. Instead, a remote assessment was conducted by an in-country engineer, Adane, during the 2020-21 school year, where elevation and flow rate data were collected to finalize designs for the pipe bridge. Additionally, for the Braqua pump and piping system the solar pump was installed by a contractor. The drip irrigation system and pipe bridge, following the installation of the solar pump, are planned to be installed by a remote implementation followed by a Monitoring and Evaluation trip by the EWB team during the 2021-22 school year, when students are able to travel next. The solar cooker, which initially was supposed to cook large portions of injera for the whole community, was determined that due to its limited capacity the community decided it would not be a feasible solution for their design needs. 

Looking ahead at the 2021-22 school year, students will be closing their project in Filakit, Ethiopia with a final trip to implement the drip irrigation system and monitor the current systems. Along with this, EWB-USA UMN will be starting a new project with a new community in Toke, Ethiopia. This project will include fixing and expanding on a water distribution system that was implemented in the 90s by an EWB-USA UMN mentor, Walter Eshenaur. Since its initial implementation, the population of the community has more than doubled and the system no longer has the capacity to provide the community with enough water. During the 2021-22 school year, students will plan an assessment trip focused on finding new water sources for the water distribution system and assessing the capacity and quality of the current pipes. The students and community will be partnering with the Berhane Wongel Church as the NGO, which has its main headquarters in the Ethiopian capital, Addis, but also has a branch of their church in Toke.

NGO Collaboration

EWB-USA UMN communicates regularly with Filakit Geragera throughout the year. This is accomplished with the assistance of local partners within Ethiopia. The Ethiopia Project works closely with a local chain of monastery leaders in the Filakit area to provide communication, materials, skilled labor, transportation, lodging, and board assistance during the design process and trips abroad. Furthermore, the breadth and influence of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church is a profound asset to the trust and safety between EWB-USA UMN and travel team members. This connection to local partners is vital. EWB-USA’s projects are most effective when the project trinity – collaboration between individual chapters, communities, and NGOs – works together and communicates regularly to develop sustainable projects in the best interest of the communities requesting the services.

Where We Are


For more information, contact:
Matilde Pratas Fernandes at prata023@umn.edu or Nate Twardock at tward019@umn.edu.

Ethiopia Project Meetings are held every Tuesday from 7-8 pm.


Muzit Spring Catchment System

Check out the work we have been doing to harness spring water using a catchment system. A similar system was implemented in the community in May 2018.